African Jade: Also called Transvaal Jade, this Jade is mined in Africa and has the composition of green Garnet.

Agate (Black/Red): Is a variegated form of chalcedony (pronounced kal-sed’-nee), which is silicon dioxide in the form of microscopic fibrous quartz
crystals.

Amethyst: This gemstone is a macro crystalline variety of quartz. The presence of manganese in clear quartz is what gives Amethyst it's purple color.

Aventurine: Most aventurine is quartz. Reddish brown shades (aventurine feldspar) is called sunstone.
Blue aventurine is quartz that contain blends of blues ranging from pale to dark blue. Many consider green aventurine to be the most desirable.

Bamboo Coral: is a type of sea coral that is fast growing and has a bamboo-like appearance. Red Bamboo Coral has been stabilized or dyed.

Black Jasper: is an opaque and fine grained stone, a variety of microcrystalline silicon dioxide which is a form of quartz. Another name for Black Jasper
is Black Stone.

Black Stone: Many of these stones are from Jasper, a variety of microcrystalline silicon dioxide with a hardness of 7.

Black Onyx: Onyx is formed in the gas cavities of lava.  It's multi layering is similar to that of the agates. Black Onyx is uniformly black microcrystalline
quartz.

Brecciated Jasper:  Jasper is a form of Chalcedony and comes in several variations and colors.  Brecciated Jasper can have deeply integrated colors of
rich brown and brick red which come from organic material and iron oxides embedded in the stones.

Brick Red Quartz: Chalcedony is the special name for quartz with microscopically small crystals. Chalcedony is translucent and waxy, has a hardness
of 7 on the Mohs scale and when dyed can take on every color imaginable.

Carnelian:  is a variety of chalcedony which is a micro-crystalline quartz. It appears in a vibrant range of fire-orange reds to brown-reds. The reddish
tints in the translucent stone are due to iron oxide.

Chalk Turquoise: Chalk turquoise is a porous white turquoise that has been stabilized and dyed. This form of natural turquoise has a white chalk-like
consistency and has the same chemical composition as turquoise with one exception, it does not contain copper.

Chrysocolla: Chrysocolla is a very beautiful green-blue color gemstone belonging to the Quartz family which resembles Turquoise.

Cultured Pearl: see Fresh Water Pearl.

Fluorite: Also known as Fluorspar is Calcium Fluoride containing purple, clear and green bands.

Fresh Water Pearl: Marine and fresh water oysters and mussels are gathered and a small shell bead is inserted. Then the oysters and mussels are
returned to the water. In 3 to 7 years a pearl is formed by the secretion of Calcium carbonate coating the small shell bead forming the irregular
shaped pearl.

Fuchsia Chalk Turquoise: This is white turquoise that has been dyed and stabilized. This form of natural turquoise has a white chalk-like consistency
and has the same chemical composition as turquoise with one exception, it does not contain copper,

Fuchsia Quartz: Quartz is a macro crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Fuchsia Quartz is a dyed quartz.

Goldstone: Goldstone is glass with copper flecks glittering through it.

Howlite: Called Calcium Borosilicate Hydroxide, is a white stone with Streaks of gray or black called inclusions. This Stone is easily dyed due to it's
porous nature.

Hemalyke: A synthetic hematite that is made by grinding up hematite, adding a binder and then press-molding it.

Hematite: Is a natural substance made from iron ore. Hematite can be magnetic or non magnetic.
Iris, Iridescent, and Gold Hematite has been coated to change color.

Italian "onyx":  also known as onyx marble, is a banded calcite with neutral color tones, a semi-translucent appearance and a glossy polish. Color,
pattern and veining/banding varies in each bead.

Jasper: is a variety of chalcedony characterized by its opaque, dark green color with brown banding.

Labradorite: is a type of feldspar which crystallizes in the form of masses, grains, and tabular crystals. The colour range includes white, yellow, and
grey. Sometimes, a display of spectral colors, due to the interference of light rays from the plate-like composition causes Labradorite to flame with
broad patches of peacock blue, coppery or dusky gold called "labradorescence".

Lapis: is an intense royal blue stone. The beautiful mixture of textures of white calcite (cloudy, patchy) and pyrite (brassy feathering) gives lapis  its
characteristic look. This stone can have other ingredients: lazurite, sodalite and hauyne.

Lava: Lava is molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption.

Leopard Jasper: The gemstone properties of Jasper are made up of silicate, chalcedony, quartz group. The colors of Leopard Jasper are gray-brown-
tawny with gold/brown markings - beautiful!

Magnetic Hematite: Is a natural substance made from iron ore. This Hematite is magnetic.

Malaysia Jade: Sometimes mistaken for fine quality jade, Malaysia Jade is actually translucent quartz,
which is has been expertly dyed.

Marble: is formed from limestone with heat and pressure over years in the earth's crust.

Mookaite Jasper: Found only in Australia, Mookaite Jasper is actually a fossiliferous sedimentary rock.

Mother-of-Pearl: Mother of pearl, also called nacre, is an iridescent layer of material which forms the shell lining of many mollusks.

Mustang Jasper:  Jasper is a form of Chalcedony and comes in several variations and colors. Mustang Jasper is a dark brown stone with inclusions of
brick red.

Opalite: Opalite is a purple lavender Chalcedony (crytocrystalline form of silica) type of stone with patches of mauve and white resembling opal.

Peridot:  Is gem quality, Forsteritic Olivine.

Picture  Jasper:  Jasper is an opaque impure variety of silica. This Jasper creates a beautiful "picture" with Gold-browns, brick reds, avocado greens.

Pink Aventurine: is a metamorphic rock, meaning it is made up of more than one mineral. Pink Aventurine, made mostly of quartz in natural shades
ranging from light to medium peachy-pink. The beads have a semi-transparent look with the durable properties of quartz.

Poppy Jasper: is found in two places - Spain and the Morgan Hill area of California. Poppy Jasper exhibits stones of brick red mingling with shades of
brown or black.

Rainbow Fluorite: This gemstone is calcium fluoride containing beautiful purple, violet, clear and green colors.
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